The 2nd Marine Division In World War Two

Carl | April 3, 2013 

The 2d Marine Division was officially organized on 1 February 1941 by change of designation from the 2d Marine Brigade.

The 2d Marine Division was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, 20-24 November 1943. The 2d and 8th Marines (reinforced by other units of the 2d Marine Division) were awarded the Presidential Unit Citation while attached to the 1st Marine Division from 7 August and 4 November 1942, respectively, for the Guadalcanal operation.

The 2d Marine Division (Headquarters) participated in authorized operations and engagements in the Asiatic-Pacific Area as follows:

Capture and defense of Guadalcanal – 4 January to 8 February 1943. (2d Marines, reinforced: Guadalcanal-Tulagi landings, 7-9 August 1942; capture and defense of Guadalcanal, 10 August 1942 to 31 January 1943. 8th Marines, reinforced: capture and defense of Guadalcanal, 2 November 1942 to 8 February 1943).

Gilbert Islands (Tarawa) operation – 20 November to 4 December 1943.
Capture and occupation of Saipan – 15 June to 24 July 1944.
Capture and occupation of Tinian – 24 July to 10 August 1944.

Assault and occupation of Okinawa Gunto (floating Reserve) – 1 April to 10 April 1945. (Detachment of Headquarters and the 8th Marines, reinforced, from 1 to 30 June 1945).

Reprinted with the authorization of the United States Marine Corps History Division

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